Source: Dr. Jaus’ photostream
Everything about the HSB Turning Torso
A few pictures with the views from conference rooms in the Turning Torso Tower.
Some information about the Turning Torso Tower’s architect, Santiago Calatrava:
Santiago Calatrava Valls (born July 28, 1951) is an internationally recognized and award-winning Spanish architect, sculptor and structural engineer whose principal office is in Zurich, Switzerland. Classed now among the elite designers of the world, he has offices in Zurich, Paris, New York and elsewhere.
Calatrava’s early career was dedicated largely to bridges and train stations, the designs for which elevated the status of civil engineering projects to new heights. His elegant and daring Montjuic Communications Tower in Barcelona, Spain (1991) in the heart of the 1992 Olympic site was a turning point in his career, leading to a wide range of commissions. The Quadracci Pavilion (2001) of the Milwaukee Art Museum was his first US building. Calatrava’s entry into high-rise design began with an innovative 54 storey high twisting tower, called Turning Torso (2005), located in Malmö, Sweden.
Calatrava is currently designing the future train station – World Trade Center Transportation Hub – at Ground Zero in New York City.
Calatrava’s style has been heralded as bridging the division between structural engineering and architecture. In this, he continues a tradition of Spanish modernist engineering that includes Félix Candela and Antonio Gaudí. Nonetheless, his style is very personal and derives from numerous studies he makes of the human body and the natural world.
Calatrava has received numerous recognitions. In 1990 he received the “Médaille d´Argent de la Recherche et de la Technique”, Paris. In 1992 he received the prestigious Gold Medal from the Institution of Structural Engineers. In 1993, the Museum of Modern Art in New York held a major exhibition of his work called “Structure and Expression.” In 1998 he was elected to become a member of “Les Arts et Lettres,” in Paris. In 2004, he received the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects (AIA).
In 2005, Calatrava was awarded the Eugene McDermott Award by the Council for the Arts of MIT. The Award is among the most esteemed arts awards in the US.
* Trinity Bridge, footbridge over River Irwell, Salford, England
* Oberbaumbrücke, Berlin, Germany
* Alameda Bridge and metro station, Valencia, Spain
* 1983-1984, Jakem Steel Warehouse, Munchwilen, Switzerland
* 1983-1985, Ernsting Warehouse, Coesfeld, Germany
* 1983-1988, Wohlen High School, Wohlen, Switzerland
* 1983-1990, Stadelhofen Railway Station, Zürich, Switzerland
* 1983-1989, Lucerne Station Hall, Lucerne, Switzerland
* 1984-1987, Bac de Roda Bridge, Barcelona, Spain
* 1984-1988, Barenmatte Community Center, Suhr, Switzerland,
* 1986-1987, Tabourettli Theater, Basel, Switzerland,
* 1987-1992, BCE Place (atrium), Toronto, Canada,
* 1989-1994, TGV Station , Lyon, France
* 1992, Puente del Alamillo, Seville, Spain
* 1992, Puente de Lusitania, Mérida, Spain
* 1992, Montjuic Communications Tower at the Olympic Ring, Barcelona, Spain
* 1992, World’s Fair, Kuwaiti Pavilion, Seville, Spain
* 1994-1997, Campo Volantin Footbridge, Bilbao, Spain
* 1996, Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències, Valencia, Spain
* 1998, Estação do Oriente or (Gare do Oriente), Lisbon, Portugal
* 1998, Puente de la Mujer, in the Puerto Madero barrio of Buenos Aires, Argentina
* 2000, New terminal at Bilbao Airport, Bilbao, Spain
* 2001, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
* 2003, James Joyce Bridge, bridge over River Liffey, Dublin, Ireland
* 2003 Auditorio de Tenerife, the architect’s first performing arts facility, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
* 2004, redesign of Athens Olympic Sports Complex, Athens, Greece
* 2004, Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay, Redding, California, USA
* 2004, Three bridges (called Harp, Cittern and Lute) spanning the main canal of the Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands
* 2004, University of Zurich, “Bibliothekseinbau” library remodelling, Zürich, Switzerland
* 2005, The bridge connecting the Ovnat shopping mall and the Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson) in Petah Tikva, Israel
* 2005, Turning Torso, Malmö, Sweden
* 2007, 3 Bridges on the A1 Motorway and TAV Railway, Reggio Emilia, Italy
* 2008, Chords Bridge at the entrance to Jerusalem, Israel, a light rail bridge
HSB Turning Torso is a skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden, located on the Swedish side of the Öresund strait. It was designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and officially opened on 27 August 2005. The tower reaches a height of 190 metres (623 feet) with 54 stories. Upon completion, it was the tallest building in Scandinavia, the tallest residential building in the EU and the second tallest residential building in Europe, after the 264-metre-high Triumph-Palace in Moscow.
The 86 metre high Kronprinsen was the tallest building in Malmö before Turning Torso.
The design is based on a sculpture by Santiago Calatrava called Twisting Torso. It uses nine segments of five-story pentagons that twist as it rises; the topmost segment is twisted ninety degrees clockwise with respect to the ground floor. Each floor consists of an irregular pentagonal shape rotating around the vertical core, which is supported by an exterior steel framework. The two bottom segments are intended as office space. Segments three to nine house 149 luxury apartments.
The Twisting Torso sculpture is a white marble piece based on the form of a twisting human being. Johnny Örbäck, former CEO of the Turning Torso contractor and Board Chairman of the Malmö branch of the co-operative housing association HSB, saw the sculpture in 1999 and contacted Calatrava to ask him to design a building using the same concept. Construction started in the summer of 2001.
One reason for the building of Turning Torso was to re-establish a recognizable skyline for Malmö since the removal of the Kockums Crane in 2002, which was located less than a kilometre from Turning Torso. The local politicians deemed it important for the inhabitants to have a symbol for Malmö — Kockumskranen, which was a large crane that had been used for shipbuilding and somewhat symbolised the city’s blue collar roots.